March, 2017

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Proposal for Ethiopic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR) ‬

Open Date: 23 March 2017 Close Date: 5 May 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division
Categories/Tags: Top-Level Domains
Brief Overview:

The Ethiopic script community has formed the Ethiopic script Generation Panel (GP), which in turn has developed a Proposal for the Ethiopic Script Root Zone Label Generation Rules (Proposal and Proposal Documentation [PDF, 2.01 MB]). As per the LGR Procedure [PDF, 772 KB], this proposal is being posted for public comments to allow those who have not participated in the Ethiopic script GP to make their views known to the GP. Based on the feedback, the Ethiopic script GP will finalize the proposal for submission for integration into the Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone.

Link: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/ethiopic-lgr-2017-03-23-en

GNSO Community Comment 2 (CC2) on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process

Open Date: 22 March 2017 Close Date: 1 May 2017
Originating Organization: GNSO
Categories/Tags: Policy Development
Brief Overview: This public comment proceeding is being opened in order to obtain input on the Community Comment 2 (CC2) questionnaire developed by the GNSO's Policy Development Process Working Group that is evaluating what changes or additions need to be made to existing new generic Top Level Domain (gTLD) policy recommendations.
Link: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/cc2-new-gtld-subsequent-procedures-2017-03-22-en

The Three Pillars of ICANN’s Technical Engagement Strategy

ICANN's technical engagement team was established two years ago. Since then, we have made a great deal of progress in better engaging with our peers throughout the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) stewardship transition proposal process and currently during the implementation phase. Over the past few months, the Office of the CTO has been reinforced with a dedicated research team composed of experienced Internet technologists. These experts are working hard to raise the level of ICANN engagement on Internet identifiers technology usage measurement, its evolution, and are collecting and sharing data that can further support the community in its policy development processes. They are also focusing on helping to build bridges with other relevant technical partners.

Our overall strategy for technical engagement is based on three pillars:

  • Continue building trust with our technical partners and peers within the ecosystem.
  • Expand our participation in relevant forums and events where we can further raise awareness about ICANN's mission, while encouraging more diversity in participation in our community policy development processes.
  • Continue contributing ICANN's positions on technical topics discussed outside our regular forums, but ones affecting our mission, keeping the focus on our shared responsibilities and effective coordination.

We can highlight in this blog some ongoing activities toward each goal:

Expanding Participation in Technical Forums

To continue building a sustainable relationship with our peers, we have increased, in number and in quality, our participation and contribution to various technical forums led by our partner organizations, including:

  • Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
  • Regional Internet Registries (RIRs): African Network Information Center (AFRINIC), Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC), American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN), Latin American and Caribbean Network Information Centre (LACNIC) and Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC)
  • Regional country code top-level domain organizations: African TLD Organization (AFTLD), Council of European National TLD Registries (CENTR), Asia Pacific TLD Organization (APTLD), Latin American and Carribean TLD Organization (LACTLD)
  • And many others …

Encouraging Diversity of Participants

As a community, we face the challenge of strengthening the bottom-up, multistakeholder policy development process, while at the same time ensuring that participation becomes more diverse. Looking beyond regional and gender diversity, we must also achieve technical diversity. For example, when we work on domain name policies that affect online services, how do we ensure that we have Internet service operators, application developers and software designers around the table to give their operational perspectives? And as mobile technology becomes an increasingly prevalent way of consuming Internet services, and mobile operators are important players in that sector, how do we ensure that they engage with and contribute to our policy development processes?

We have also seen a growing interest from the Internet services abuse mitigation community in understanding and engaging more actively in our community-led policy development processes. As a result, the output of these processes is taking their needs into consideration. Our Security, Stability and Resiliency (SSR) and Global Stakeholder Engagement (GSE) teams have worked together to provide capability-building programs dedicated to this community. We are exploring ways to cover more ground (particularly in emerging regions). Our recent participation in the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) Public Safety Working Group's workshop in Nairobi has confirmed this need. A follow-up mechanism is under discussion to make sure our engagement efforts meet these needs.

Engaging in Technical Topics that Affect Our Ecosystem

Finally, within our technical scope, we have launched an Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) initiative to refine ICANN's position on IPv6. The initiative defines actions that will ensure that, as organization, we do our part to provide online services that our community can transparently access over both IPv6 and Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4). Read more about our IPv6 initiative.

ICANN58 By The Numbers

Take a look at some of the numbers resulting from the #ICANN58 meeting in Copenhagen. 

ICANN58 Copenhagen GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN58 in Copenhagen has issued its Copenhagen Communiqué. It is available for review at GAC Copenhagen Communiqué.

Co-Chairs Statement from CCWG-Accountability Meeting in Copenhagen

On 10 March 2017, the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) held a full day face-to-face meeting prior to ICANN58 in Copenhagen, Denmark. 90 members and participants attended in-person, and many others joined remotely using the virtual meeting room, to further discussions on Work Stream 2 (WS2).

The CCWG-Accountability used the meeting to receive updates from its sub-groups and inform the ICANN community about the status of its work. The CCWG-Accountability also made substantive progress in the following areas:

  • SO/AC accountability: The CCWG-Accountability completed a successful first reading of the draft recommendations of the Supporting Organization and Advisory Committee (SO/AC) Accountability sub-group.
  • Staff accountability: The CCWG-Accountability worked with the Staff Accountability sub-group to define the scope and expectations for the sub-group’s recommendations.
  • Finalizing sub-group recommendations: The CCWG-Accountability agreed to put each sub-group report out for public comment and gain approval by the full CCWG-Accountability before finalization. The group also agreed to put the total package of finalized sub-group reports out for public comment to identify any inconsistencies between the various recommendations.
  • Chartering Organization approval: The CCWG-Accountability suggested that Chartering Organizations approve the finalized sub-group reports in small chunks, rather than all at once. This will help the Chartering Organizations with document management and not result in a heavy impact on each SO or ACs normal operations.
  • Timing: The CCWG-Accountability concluded that, despite progress made by each of the sub-groups, the CCWG-Accountability will not complete its final recommendations by the end of the fiscal year 2017. A discussion on carrying forward resources to the next fiscal year has been initiated with ICANN, however the CCWG-Accountability expects to stay within the initially proposed budget.

The CCWG-Accountability was pleased to have Göran Marby, Steve Crocker and George Sadowsky in attendance for the meeting. Their participation led to a discussion on the role of the ICANN CEO, staff and community, and how to increase the accountability and transparency of their collaboration. The group agreed to establish a pilot project on these topics with the Staff Accountability sub-group with the objective of determining if improvements can be made to some of the systemic issues identified by the sub-group.

The CCWG-Accountability co-Chairs recognize the outstanding dedication of its volunteers, and express gratitude to ICANN staff for their diligent and skilled support. For more information on the CCWG-Accountability, or to view meeting archives and draft documents, please refer to the group’s dedicated wiki page.

CCWG-Accountability WS2 is an open group. Anyone interested in the work of the CCWG-Accountability can join as a participant or observer. For more information about how to join the CCWG-Accountability, please send an email to acct-staff [at] icann.org.

 

CCWG-Accountability co-Chairs
Thomas Rickert, León Sánchez, Mathieu Weill

Looking Forward to the ICANN59 Policy Forum in Johannesburg, South Africa

ICANN58 is soon coming to a close. Copenhagen has been a beautiful backdrop for a productive meeting. We've all appreciated the natural light, open spaces and greenery of the Bella Center.

Before we know it, it will be time for the ICANN59 Policy Forum. South Africa is welcoming the world again after hosting ICANN Public Meetings twice before – ICANN21 in Capetown in 2004 and ICANN47 in Durban in 2013. This time, the host city will be Johannesburg. ICANN59 will take place from 26–29 June 2017 at the Sandton Convention Centre. The venue is just off Nelson Mandela Square, where you’ll find a statue of the renowned human rights leader and former President of South Africa measuring nearly 6 meters (almost 20 feet) tall.

So, what can you expect of the ICANN59 Policy Forum? First, the meeting is shorter – just four days. You’ll find fewer competing sessions, and you’ll attend smaller sessions where you’ll have more opportunity to interact with other community members. And you’ll have more time to discuss policy initiatives and learn what other consitutuencies are doing, which will help you make more informed decisions.

Johannesburg, which locals affectionately call Joburg, Jozi and eGoli (“City of Gold” in Zulu) – is the largest city in South Africa and the capital of the wealthiest province, Gauteng. This relatively young city emerged from the Gold Rush just over 130 years ago, but if you travel only 30 miles (50 kilometers), you’ll discover a different story. World Heritage-protected fossil sites provide rich archaeological evidence of early humans occupying the region between 2.5 and 4.5 million years ago.

If you come to ICANN59, I think you’ll find that Johannesburg is friendly and unpretentious. It has something for everyone – archaeology, nature, nightlife, modern architecture, art, open-air markets, cultural activities. And uniquely South African getaways are awaiting you on the outskirts of Joburg. Take your pick!

Registration for ICANN59 is now open. See you in Joburg!

Technology@ICANN: A Landing Page for ICANN’s Technical Engagement Ecosystem

For some time, we've heard from our technical stakeholders and participants how difficult it is for a technical person wanting to engage in ICANN to find appropriate information about ICANN's activities. Content was scattered, but users wanted a single landing page for this technical information. We heard you – and we're proud to launch:

Technology@ICANN www.icann.org/technology

Technology@ICANN

This new portal consolidates information about ICANN's news, technical activities and other content generated by the ICANN organization and community. Technology@ICANN has four major sections:

  • Primer on the ICANN organization's key technical functions
  • Quicklinks section pointing to other technology-focused content on icann.org
  • ICANN technical blogs and news
  • @ICANNTech Twitter feed (twitter.com/icanntech)

We need your feedback so we can keep making improvements to Technology@ICANN. We want to keep it as dynamic as possible – our goal is to meet the needs of all parts of the technical community. If you have questions, comments or suggestions, please email Tech-engagement@icann.org.

This is just one part of a larger technical engagement strategy at ICANN. We will update you on other parts of the strategy in detail in an upcoming blog.

A Conversation with Community Leader Lise Fuhr

Lise Fuhr is a leader in the Internet community in Denmark. Here, she reflects on what ICANN58 means for Denmark – and what are the key issues she will focus on at the meeting.  

Tell us a little about yourself and your involvement in ICANN.

I’m currently Director General at the European Telecommunications Network Operators' Association (ETNO), the association that includes Europe’s leading providers of telecommunication and digital services. In ICANN, ETNO is an active in the Internet Service Providers and Connectivity Providers (ISPCP) and the Business Constituency (BC).

I’ve had several roles in the ICANN community, as a member of the Second Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT2) and as co-chair of the Cross-Community Working Group that developed the proposal for the Internet Assigned Names Authority (IANA) stewardship transition. At present, I am a Board member of the ICANN affiliate Public Technical Identifiers (PTI), which is responsible for the operation of the IANA functions.

In the past, I was COO of Danish registry DIFO and DK Hostmaster, the entities responsible for the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) .dk. I have also worked for the Danish Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation and for Telia Networks.

ICANN is all about the multistakeholder model. We actively seek participation from diverse cross-sections of society. From your perspective, what does the multistakeholder model of governance mean for the Denmark?

Having ICANN58 in Copenhagen will help build an even stronger awareness of the role of Internet governance and of the multistakeholder model in Denmark. Today’s Internet ecosystem is broad – most societal and industrial sectors rely on the Internet. Almost every sector needs to take part in how the Internet is governed.

What relationship do you see between ICANN and its stakeholders and how would you like to see it evolve?

ETNO has always advocated for an active role in Internet governance. For this reason, we support the multistakeholder model, embodied by ICANN and its activities. We want to support ICANN as it takes its first steps after the transition. The multistakeholder model is an opportunity to bring positive values to the global Internet community. Freedom to invest and freedom to innovate both remain crucial to a thriving and diverse Internet environment.

What issues will you be following at ICANN58?

The discussion around the new generic top-level domains (gTLDs) will be very important. The program should be balanced and consider both the opportunities and the risks to be addressed. In addition, the work on enhancing ICANN’s accountability will also be essential to rounding out the good work done so far with the transition. Another important issue is the debate on the migration from Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) to Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6). Last but not least, trust is a top priority, so it’s important to participate in the discussions around security.

Breaking Down Terminology Barriers in ICANN

In the ICANN world, the numbers of terms, names and acronyms are increasing daily with each initiative, program or newly established panel. And more terms emerge for each new issue and challenge in the domain name industry and the Internet governance ecosystem. With this in mind, in March 2014 during the ICANN49 Public Meeting in Singapore, the ICANN Language Services Department launched the program “ICANN in Your Language, a program designed to bridge the language gap.  

The ICANN Language Services team created and now maintains glossary and terminology sets in the six U.N. languages – Arabic, Simplified Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish – plus Portuguese. In addition, we are working on making versions available in Japanese, Korean and Turkish. To make this material easily accessible to the community, we have provided these glossaries and terminology sets through a popular application called Quizlet. Quizlet is used mostly to create study cards –  and it’s free for anybody to use. The ICANN Language Services team keeps up to date the official glossaries and term sets for ICANN’s unique terminology and acronyms, which you can find in Quizlet at ICANNLangs.

One of Quizlet’s unique features is letting you hear the pronunciation of the terms in all languages sets that have been created. This feature helps you get comfortable using the terms. To keep the process manageable and to improve the ease of understanding ICANN terminology, the terminology is maintained in terminology sets by subject and domain.  Currently, Quizlet provides the following terminology sets: ICANN General Terms, Acronyms, IANA Glossary, IDN, new gTLD and WHOIS.  ICANN updates the terminology sets on Quizlet each month, so it’s always current with the latest terms from industry and emerging new technologies.

Quizlet is free for anybody to use – you don’t even have to sign up if you don’t want to.  You can access Quizlet online or you can download the mobile app, which is available on the App Store (iPhone) or the Google Play (Android). 

Publication of the LAC DNS Marketplace Study

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announces the publication of the final report [PDF, 3.9 MB] on the Latin American and Caribbean DNS Marketplace Study. The LAC DNS Study was completed after receiving feedback from the Public Comments process.

Commissioned in January 2016, the study investigates the current state of the Internet and domain name industry, explores best practices for the uptake of domain names and analyzes the ecosystem. It recommends new business potentials based on global benchmarks and proposes a way forward for the region.

Report and Findings

The work of the study has three distinct phases:

  • A collection of facts on the state of the domain name industry in the LAC region. This included an examination of regional web content, growth trends, registrar and reseller markets, documentation of user experience, uptake of domains and the market in premium domains;
  • Analysis of those facts followed with a look at mechanisms for growing the region's domain name market, the regional web ecosystem and an analysis of benchmarks and best practices;
  • Conclusions from that analysis including a way forward for the region.  This includes the business potential for the domain name ecosystem and a set of recommendations.

The report identifies seven key drivers of domain name growth for the region:

  • Defining and refining the sales channel and reversing the trend of falling numbers of ICANN accredited registrars since 2013;
  • Building user awareness of domain names;
  • Making registration policies open and simple;
  • Providing online payment facilities;
  • Ensuring fast activation of new registrations;
  • Reasonable and competitive fees; and
  • Promotions, marketing, and campaigns.

Research Team

A consortium led by Oxford Information Labs, LACTLD, EURid and InterConnect Communications conducted the study for ICANN.

The final "LAC DNS Study" is available here [PDF, 3.9 MB].

What Is Ransomware?

Ransomware is a cyberattack (a virus) that is used to extort money.  Originally, criminals used ransomware to extract payments from individuals for the recovery of personal information. Today, cyberattackers extort payments from businesses for the recovery of sensitive information. No one is immune to ransomware. Criminals have extorted payments for the recovery of medical or personal data from healthcare providers and have locked guests out of their hotel rooms. Even industrial systems may prove to be vulnerable to ransomware.

Early ransomware, called locker ransomware, prevented a victim from accessing a desktop or browser. Cyberattackers quickly evolved to a more sophisticated crypto-ransomware, which encrypts information on computers or mobile devices. Both forms post an extortion notification to the user: purchase decryption software or a decryption key or your data will be lost forever.

Anatomy of a Ransomware Attack

A common form of delivering ransomware is through malicious attachments to email messages. Users are convinced against their better judgment – through social engineering – to open the attachment. The attachment is typically a form of self-installing malware, often called a Trojan or virus dropper file.  Once installed, the dropper enrolls in a cyberattacker’s botnet by contacting the botnet command and control (C2).  When contacted, the C2 will generate and return encryption-keying material for the ransomware dropper (and possibly additional malicious code). The ransomware dropper will use the keying material to encrypt personal files on the infected device. It then posts an extortion notification, demanding that the victim pay a ransom payment for a key that will decrypt the now inaccessible data.

Many ransomware attackers threaten victims with permanent loss of their personal files if the ransom is not paid within a 24-hour timeframe. To enhance deception, some ransomware notifications impersonate law enforcement or government agencies and represent the extortion as a fine.

Ransomware Exploits the Public Domain Name System

Ransomware droppers sometimes use hard-coded Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to connect to the C2. When droppers use statically configured IP addresses, investigators can use them to quickly identify and disconnect the ransomware botnet C2s. For evasion purposes, more advanced ransomware identifies a C2 by algorithmically generating domain names. Modern ransomware droppers use the domain name system (DNS) to resolve domain names that the cyberattacker changes frequently, thus hiding effectively from investigators.

Don't Pay the Ransom!

Law enforcement and security experts agree: don’t pay the ransom! There is no reason to trust that the cyberattacker will provide you with the means to decrypt your personal files should you pay. The cyberattacker could disappear, continue to extort you or send you decryption keys that do not work.  

Proactively Defend Against Ransomware

“Back up” to defend against ransomware. By regularly archiving personal or sensitive data to an external device or cloud, you render a cyberattacker’s threats meaningless. Be particularly careful to back up files when you travel.

Next, use the Internet safely. Consider taking these measures to minimize the likelihood of ransomware infection:

  • Keep your laptop “patch current.”
  • Do not share folders.
  • Keep your antivirus up to date.
  • Use a trusted DNS resolver.
  • Disable macro execution. 
  • Try anti-ransom protection.

After that, make sure that you have the means to quickly restore the operating system, applications and archived data to your device in case your device is infected with ransomware. Businesses and individuals alike should investigate what are called image recovery services.

You can protect yourself in other ways; see 22 Ransomware Prevention Tips.

If You Are Held for Ransom…

Remember: don’t pay! Contact a techie friend, a reputable computer repair service or your organization’s IT department to help you identify the ransomware. They can also help you locate trusted repositories for deleted file recovery or rescue disk software, ransomware removal kits or decryptors and online repositories of recovery keys. One such resource is https://www.nomoreransom.org/, which despite  its unusual appearance, is reliable.

Don’t Be a Victim 

With cyberattackers using more sophisticated means to launch ransomware attacks, users need to be proactive and do everything they can to prevent these attacks from occurring. Be informed. Stay vigilant.

ICANN Launches Testing Platform for the KSK Rollover

13 March 2017 – ICANN is offering a testing platform for network operators and other interested parties to confirm that their systems can handle the automated update process for the upcoming Root Zone Domain Name Systems Security Extensions (DNSSEC) Key Signing Key (KSK) rollover. The KSK rollover is currently scheduled for 11 October 2017.

"Currently, seven hundred and fifty million people are using DNSSEC-validating resolvers that could be affected by the KSK rollover," said ICANN's Vice President of Research, Matt Larson. "The testing platform is an easy way for operators to confirm that their infrastructure supports the ability to handle the rollover without manual intervention."

Internet service providers, network operators and others who have enabled DNSSEC validation must update their systems with the new KSK. This can be done in one of two ways:

  • An operator can configure a new trust anchor manually by obtaining the new root zone KSK from the iana.org website at https://www.iana.org/dnssec/files.
  • An operator can enable a feature available in many validating resolvers that automatically detects and configures a new root zone KSK as a trust anchor, in which case they need take no action.

Check to see if your systems are ready by visiting go.icann.org/KSKtest.

The KSK has been widely distributed and configured by every operator performing DNSSEC validation. If the validating resolvers using DNSSEC do not have the new key when the KSK is rolled, end users relying on those resolvers will encounter errors and be unable to access the Internet. A careful and coordinated effort is required to ensure that the update does not interfere with normal operations.

More information is available at www.icann.org/kskroll.

Welcome to Copenhagen

I am very glad to be here in Denmark and hope to talk to as many of you as possible while we’re here at the Community Forum. This has been a big year for accountability in the ICANN ecosystem.  We are under new, enhanced and improved accountability measures.

We are on a journey. And, over the last few months, we’ve taken a few steps to increase the transparency around the ICANN organization. To see what the organization has been up to, please look at the latest report to the Board. This report summarizes each department’s highlights, milestones and provides an overview of recent activity.

One of the things I hear often is the desire for more people to participate in policy development processes, reviews, public comment, in all our processes. So if you’re not actively participating in one of those yet, take some time in this meeting to get involved. We will have eleven reviews this year! And, as you well know, the best way to make sure your voice, your constituency, your point of view is represented is to participate.

We’re also having a new session with the ICANN organization executive team and me on Thursday. I hope you can attend and ask us any questions you might have. This won’t replace the public forums, but is meant to give you another chance for us to talk. If you can’t attend or are participating remotely, please feel free to submit a question at engagement@icann.org.

As always, I hope to talk to many of you the next few days. Please let me know if you need anything and let’s get to work.

Tech@ICANN58: Your Roadmap to Copenhagen’s Technical Sessions

As we start our meeting here in Copenhagen with a packed agenda, I would like to share with you some of the key sessions that have a more technical focus. I hope that this will be useful to newcomers with a technical background, so they can easily find their way throughout the week.

Before I go on, it is important to reiterate that the main goal of this meeting, and all ICANN meetings, is to facilitate policy development discussions within and between constituencies. However, besides the direct policy related discussions, our meetings feature some technical sessions that help better prepare the community to engage in these policy discussions with a strong technical foundation. A few meetings ago, we introduced the popular "How Does it Work" series of sessions, which give introductions to some of the technical topics linked to ICANN's mission. During ICANN58, we are going to have four of those sessions, which will be repeated over two days:

Sunday 12 March 11:00 - 12:30 CET Hall A3 How It Works: DNS Fundamentals
  13:45 - 15:00 Hall C1.2 How It Works: Internet Networking
  15:15 - 16:30 Hall C1.2 How It Works: Understanding DNS Abuse
  17:00 - 18:30 Hall C1.2 How It Works: Root Server Operations
Monday 13 March 11:00 - 12:30 CET Hall B3 How It Works: Internet Networking
  13:45 - 15:00 pm Hall B3 How It Works: Understanding DNS Abuse
  15:15 - 16:45 pm Hall B3 How It Works: Root Server Operations
  17:00 - 18:30 pm Hall B3 How It Works: DNS Fundamentals

In the same category of technical awareness sessions, we will have one on "DNSSEC for Everybody: A Beginner's Guide," which is being held on 12 March (17:30 – 18:30 CET) and a panel on "Emerging Identifier Technologies," taking place on 14 March (11:30 - 13:00 CET). All of these sessions are open to anyone with or without a technical background, so please join us and participate. Your interactions with the presenters are what make these sessions useful and effective.

Throughout the week, there will also be a few other sessions being led by the Office of Chief Technology Officer's (CTO) team, including a joint meeting with RSSAC and an information session about the KSK rollover process:

Tuesday 14 March 9:00- 10:30 CET Hall B3 Joint Meeting: RSSAC & OCTO
  17:00 - 18:15 CET Hall B3 Root Key Signing Key Rollover: Changing the Keys to the Domain Name System

In response to requests by the community, there will now be two sessions to provide an update on the status of two new initiatives that we have started at ICANN. One will be about Identifier Technology Health Indicators, on Wednesday, 15 March, and another on the Open Data Initiative, on Thursday, 16 March:

15 March 13:45 - 14:45 CET Hall B4.1 ITHI workshop
16 March 09:00 - 10:30 Hall C1.2 Open Data Initiative

There will also be a wide range of sessions led by the technical communities/constituencies and other functions within the ICANN Organization that are worth attending if you have a technical background. TechDay will be held in Hall C1.2, and starts at 11:00 CET on 13 March, and the DNSSEC workshop will be held on 15 March in Hall A3, starting at 09:00 CET).

Below is a non exhaustive list of sessions you may want to join in person or follow remotely:

Sunday 12 March 13:45 CET Hall A3 Security, Stability and Resiliency Review Team (SSR2) – Public Consultation
    Hall B4.1 ccNSO TLD-OPS Standing Committee
    Hall B3 Universal Acceptance SG Workshop
Monday 13 March 13:45 Hall A2 Towards Effective DNS Abuse Mitigation: Prevention, Mitigation & Response
Tuesday 14 March 08:30 Hall A1 Joint Meeting: ICANN Board & ASO/NRO
  11:00 Hall B42 Statistical Analysis of DNS Abuse in gTLDs Study Results Preview
  14:00 Hall A3 RSSAC Public Session
Wednesday 15 March 08:30 CET MR 5 Security, Stability and Resiliency 2 Review Team Face to Face Meeting
  09:00   Hall B3 ICANN GDD: IDN Root Zone LGR Workshop
  11:00 Hall B5.1 ICANN GDD: RDAP Session
    Hall B4.2 IANA Numbering Services Review Committee Meeting
  15:15 Hall A1 SSAC Public Meeting
    Hall B4.1 IDN Program Update
  17:00 MR 18/19 Joint Meeting: ICANN Board & Technical Experts Group (TEG)
Thursday 16 March 11:00 Hall A1 Joint Meeting: ICANN Board & Security & Stability Advisory Committee

Time and locations may change during week, so to have your schedule update automatically and sync with your calendar, I highly recommend that you download and install the ICANN58 mobile app from your smart phone's app store. The full agenda of the meeting is also available at https://schedule.icann.org.

I hope you will enjoy the meeting, and I look forward to seeing you at one of our many technical sessions. Follow ICANN technology on twitter @ICANNTech.

关于丹麦您不知道的 10 件事

1. 丹麦词 hygge 被评为 2016 年度 10 大词汇之一。

事实上,在柯林斯词典公布的年度词汇榜单中,hygge 仅次于 Brexit。Hygge 是指一种与家人和朋友休闲时的归属感和亲密感。最贴近的英文翻译是"coziness"(温馨)。在漫长、黑暗的冬季,摇曳的烛光、舒适的毛毯和温热的饮品可为丹麦家庭带来 hygge,这也解释了为何丹麦人如此幸福。

2.端到端摆放,丹麦一年卖出的乐高积木的总数量可以绕地球五圈。

1934 年,丹麦木匠奥勒·基奥克·克里斯第森 (Ole Kirk Christiansen) 将其成立两年的玩具公司改名为乐高,这个词结合了两个丹麦词 leg godt,意思是"play well"(玩得好)。著名的乐高积木于 1958 年开始生产。如今,这个"世纪玩具"已经拥有了自己的盛会博客Trivia 主页电影等。

3.哥本哈根的趣伏里公园是迪斯尼的灵感来源。

趣伏里公园建于 19 世纪 40 年代,目的在于将民众的注意力从政治上转移开来。1951 年,沃特·迪斯尼 (Walt Disney) 参观了公园,并记录了每一处细节。公园的美丽、清洁、秩序和家的味道给他留下了深刻印象,并成为他于 1955 年建立的迪斯尼乐园的模型。

4.丹麦没有山区,从海边到丹麦任何地方都不会超过 1 小时车程。

丹麦是一个地势平坦的海滨国家,平均海拔仅略高于海平面。Møllehøj 是丹麦境内最高的地方,海拔仅 171 米(561 英尺)。而且海岸线距离丹麦境内的任何地点都不会超过 50 千米(30 英里)。

5.丹麦企业家乔纳斯·弗里斯 (Janus Friis) 是 Skype 的创始人之一。

弗里斯与瑞典企业家克拉斯·詹斯特罗姆 (Niklas Zennström) 于 2003 年创建了 Skype。他们聘请了爱沙尼亚的程序员开发电话会议软件,并于 2005 年将软件卖给了 eBay。于 2011 年收购 Skype 的微软表示,目前 Skype 在全球拥有 3 亿用户

6.丹麦酥皮饼实际上来自维也纳。

这种称为"丹麦酥皮饼"的酥点于 19 世纪 50 年代传入丹麦。由于面包师长期罢工,面包店店主请来了奥地利的主厨,他们带来了丹麦人称为 wienerbrød(维也纳面包)的千层饼和其他甜食。之后,丹麦面包师改良了这些配方,制作出了我们今天了解和食用的油酥点心。

7.丹麦是风能技术的世界领导者。

丹麦经常遭遇强风暴雨,尤其是沿海地区。日德兰半岛最北部每年平均有 170 天属于大风天气。20 世纪 70 年代,丹麦将这种转化成自然资源,成为利用风能的先驱。1979 年安装了首台商用风力涡轮机。如今,丹麦超过 40% 的能源来自于风,他们的目标是,到 2020 年将这一比例提高到 50%。

8.丹麦自行车的数量是汽车的两倍。

自行车文化在丹麦非常盛行,已渗透到丹麦人的工作和休闲活动中。事实上,90% 的市民拥有自行车,而仅 40% 的市民拥有汽车。在哥本哈根,56% 的居民骑自行车通勤。哥本哈根修建了特殊的高架道路,仅供自行车通行,使得骑行更加安全。

9.电影"Frozen"(冰雪奇缘)改编自童话故事"The Snow Queen"(雪之女王),这个故事是由丹麦作家汉斯·克里斯蒂安·安徒生 (Hans Christian Andersen) 创作的。

安徒生共发表了 156 篇童话故事,包括"The Little Mermaid"(海的女儿)和"The Emperor's New Clothes"(国王的新衣)。如今,为了纪念安徒生对儿童文学的世界性影响,安徒生的诞辰日 4 月 2 日被定为国际儿童图书日。著名的国际安徒生文学奖表彰对世界儿童文学做出永恒贡献的其他作者和插画家。

10.丹麦人是世界上最幸福的人。

2016联合国世界幸福报告将丹麦评为全球最幸福的国家。该报告基于六个因素根据幸福水平对 156 个国家进行排名:人均国内生产总值、社会支持、健康预期寿命、个人自由、乐善好施和腐败感知。

Top 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Denmark

1. The Danish word hygge was rated one of the top 10 words of 2016.

In fact, hygge ranked right behind Brexit in Collins Dictionary’s words of the year. Hygge refers to a feeling of togetherness and intimacy related to relaxing with family and friends. The best English translation is “coziness.” During the long dark winters, the glow of candles, cozy blankets and warm drinks help to create hygge in Danish homes – and help to explain why Danes are such happy people.

2. Placed end to end, the total number of Denmark’s famous LEGO bricks sold in just one year would circle the Earth five times.

In 1934, Danish carpenter Ole Kirk Christiansen renamed his two-year-old toy company LEGO, which combines two Danish words leg godt – meaning “play well.” Production of the famous LEGO bricks began in 1958. Today, the “toy of the century” has its own conventions, blogs, trivia pages, movies and more.

3. Copenhagen’s Tivoli Gardens amusement park was the inspiration for Disneyland.

Tivoli Gardens was established in the 1840s to give Danes a distraction from politics. In 1951, Walt Disney visited the park, taking notes about every detail. The beauty, cleanliness, order and family flavor so impressed him that it served as a model for Disneyland, which he opened in 1955.

4. There are no mountains in Denmark, and no place in Denmark is more than an hour’s drive from the sea.

Denmark is a flat, seaside country with an average elevation barely above sea level. Møllehøj is the highest spot in Denmark – with an elevation of just 171 meters (561 feet). And the coastline is never more than 50 kilometers (30 miles) away from any spot in the country.

5. Danish entrepreneur Janus Friis was one of the founders of Skype.

Friis founded Skype in 2003 with Swedish entrepreneur Niklas Zennström. They hired Estonian programmers to develop the teleconferencing software, which they sold to eBay in 2005. Microsoft, which subsequently acquired Skype in 2011, reports that Skype now has 300 million users worldwide. 

6. Danish pastries are in fact Viennese.

The flaky delicacy known as “Danish pastry” came to Denmark in the 1850s. During a long bakers’ strike, bakery owners brought in chefs from Austria, who introduced puff pastry and other sweets that Danes call wienerbrød (Vienna bread). Danish bakers then modified these recipes to create the pastry we know and enjoy today.

7. Denmark is a world leader in wind technology.

Particularly in its coastal regions, Denmark experiences harsh storms and winds. The northernmost part of the Jutland peninsula averages 170 days of strong winds annually. Denmark turned this wind into a natural resource, becoming a pioneer in wind energy in the 1970s. In 1979, the first commercial wind turbine was installed. Today, over 40% of energy in Denmark comes from wind, with a target of 50% by 2020.

8. Denmark has twice as many bicycles as cars.

Bicycle culture is big in Denmark – it’s integrated into work and leisure activities. In fact, 9 of 10 citizens own a bicycle, while only 4 of 10 own a car. In Copenhagen, 56% of residents commute to work on bicycles. The city has made cycling safer by installing special elevated roads for bike use only.

9. The movie “Frozen” was based on the fairy tale “The Snow Queen,” a creation of Danish author Hans Christian Andersen.

Andersen published 156 fairy tales and stories, including “The Little Mermaid” and “The Emperor’s New Clothes.” Today, to honor his worldwide influence on children’s literature, International Children’s Book Day is celebrated on 2 April, Andersen’s birthday. The prestigious Hans Christian Andersen Award recognizes other authors and illustrators who have made a lasting contribution to children’s literature worldwide.

10. Danes are the happiest people on the planet.

The U.N. World Happiness Report 2016 ranked Denmark as the happiest place on earth. The report ranks 156 countries by their happiness level according to six factors: gross domestic product per capita, social support, healthy-life expectancy, personal freedom, charitable giving and perceived corruption.

Call for Public Comment on the Draft 2016 African Domain Name System Market Study

Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced a call for public comment on the draft 2016 African Domain Name System Market Study, which was commissioned in March 2016 and managed by the South African Communications Forum (SACF) for ICANN.

The goal of the study is to identify and define the strengths and weaknesses in the African DNS industry ecosystem, and develop recommendations on how to advance the industry by bringing it closer to available opportunities.

This study aims to document relevant data points and provide further analytical findings, in order to enable ICANN and players in the African names space to develop a roadmap on the scope of needs and priorities for the development and growth of both "ccTLDs and gTLDs" (the DNS market) in Africa. Its outcomes will feed into plans to establish up an observatory that will continuously monitor the growth, development and emerging needs of the DNS market in Africa.

This initiative is a direct outcome of the ICANN Africa Engagement Strategy.

The draft 2016 African Domain Name System Market Study report, which is now open for comments, can be found here [PDF, 5.86 MB]. Comments are due by Friday May 5, 2017 at 23.59 UTC. Please send all comments by email to africadnsstudy@icann.org.

The initial report will be discussed during ICANN58 in Copenhagen, on Monday March 13, 2017 at 12:45pm - 2:00pm UTC at Hall C1.3 (ALAC). More information can be found here.

Background

Over 4 years ago, the African community met in Prague (ICANN44) for a historic meeting chaired by Dr. Steve Crocker and then-incoming President and CEO Fadi Chehadé. The outcome was a new approach to Africa, focused on:

  • Developing a framework for ICANN's Africa strategy;
  • Supporting stronger ICANN presence in Africa;
  • Increasing Africa's participation within ICANN.

The meeting also resulted in the formation of a volunteer, nine-member Africa Strategy Working Group (ASWG), whose mission was to develop an ICANN strategy for the region. The group was motivated by the realization that Africa lacked commensurate participation in the ICANN ecosystem. This group developed the first 2012 – 2015 Africa Strategic Plan.

An updated version of the strategy was released in November 2014, at the end of a meeting attended by representatives from AFNOG, AFRINIC, AFTLD, GAC, AFRALO, AFICTA, NEPAD and the African Registrars Association.

One of the key projects identified in the revised 2016-2020 ICANN Africa Strategic Plan was to conduct a study on the business feasibility of the growing DNS industry in Africa (Page 16, Strategic Objective 15), and to commission the creation of an observatory to develop new indices for DNS industry growth within Africa (page 17, strategic Objective 16). This draft study is part of the ongoing efforts to implement these objectives and further the domain name market is Africa, in partnership with you, our community.

Top 10 Things to Do in Copenhagen

The seaside city of Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark – it’s rich in cultural, historic and culinary traditions. Be sure to carve out some time from your busy schedule at ICANN58 and get to know the city. Copenhagen is ideal for wandering around, but if you want to be like a local, get on a bicycle and start exploring.

1. City Hall Square

City Hall Square is a great place to get your bearings. You can climb to the top of the City Hall’s tower to view the Tivoli Gardens amusement park (closed for the winter season). The Strøget shopping street, one of the longest pedestrian streets in Europe, begins at the northern end of the square.

2. The Round Tower

The Round Tower dates to 1642. In operation for 375 years, it is the oldest functioning observatory in Europe. Until 1861, it was part of the University of Copenhagen. The tower is open late – you can view the night sky from its telescope.

3. Christiansborg Palace

Christiansborg Palace, on the island of Slotsholmen, is home to the Danish Parliament. Popular attractions are the Queen’s tapestries and the royal stables. The palace’s tower, the tallest in Copenhagen, is open to the public free of charge and provides a panoramic view of the city.

4. Amalienborg Palace and Rosenborg Castle

Amalienborg Palace and Rosenborg Castle give you a taste of Danish royal history, which dates back more than 1,000 years. Amalienborg, a complex of four palaces, has been the royal residence since the fire at Christiansborg Palace in 1794. Rosenborg Castle looks like it came straight out of a fairy tale. It’s best known for its exhibition of the Danish crown jewels.

5. National Museum of Denmark

The National Museum of Denmark features exhibitions that convey the cultural history of Denmark. You’ll find artifacts from prehistoric Denmark, the Viking Age, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and modern Denmark.

6. Art Museums

If you are an art lover, visit the National Gallery of Denmark and Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. The National Gallery, the country’s largest museum, is home to a significant collection of sculptures and paintings from the 14th century to the present. Ny Carlsberg Glypotek is a stunning building with a glass-roofed winter garden in the center. The museum’s collection includes French impressionist paintings and ancient Mediterranean art.

7. Nyhavn Harbor

Nyhaven Harbor is a touristy location for a reason – it is an enchanting spot. Take a stroll, grab a beer and enjoy the view. On a nice day, you can walk to see the Little Mermaid, an iconic presence in Copenhagen’s harbor since 1913.   

8. Bike or Canal Ride

Cycling is an excellent way to explore the city. Copenhagen has more than 400 kilometers (250 miles) of dedicated bicycle lanes. Bycyklen is the city’s inexpensive bike-share program – its website has program details, rates and a map of available bikes.

A guided boat tour allows you to see the main sights of Copenhagen from the vantage point of the city’s canals.

9. Danish Design

Since the 1950s, Danish design has been a major influence in decorative arts, architecture, furniture, fashion and toys. Explore some of Copenhagen’s design shops or visit the Designmuseum Danmark, housed in an 18th century hospital.

10. Danish Food and Drink

The “Nordic food revolution” began with Danish cuisine. If you’re a foodie, you could check out one of Copenhagen’s 15 Michelin-starred restaurants restaurants. For more casual fare, you’ll find the smørrebrod, the traditional open-faced sandwich served at lunchtime. Copenhagen’s beer bars are famous – and in recent years, microbrews have exploded in popularity. Be sure to visit the Torvehallerne market with its outdoor produce market and indoor stalls selling prepared food.

Welcome to ICANN58

 

Jean-Jacques Sahel, ICANN's VP, Global Stakeholder Engagement, Europe, welcomes you to ICANN58 in the beautiful seaside city of Copenhagen. In this video, Sahel stresses the importance of participation and collaboration at ICANN. He says that with the many sessions scheduled for ICANN58, you will surely find your niche - whether it is new generic top-level domains or enhancing ICANN's accountability. 

Welcome to Copenhagen!

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